Knee replacement: Is it a good option for everyone?
A knee replacement surgery (KRS) should be an option for someone who has already tried other methods to manage their pain and is now looking for a more effective alternative.
If you have bone degeneration to the extent that the cartilage is totally worn out and the ends of the bone are rubbing against each other, then you should consider KRS.
A KRS is a good option for those whose current movement levels, muscle strength, swelling, the range of motion, ligament stability, and knee alignment have degenerated considerably.
A KRS is a good option for those whose knee has started to give way and cause one to lose balance. If knee arthritis has caused the knee joint to become loose and unstable, to an extent that the patient starts falling, the degeneration is advanced enough to warrant a KRS.
A KRS is a good option for those who due to extreme pain are unable to perform routine activities, despite the use of anti-inflammatory medicines, to the extent of staying at home and totally avoiding all activities that cause pain.
A KRS cannot help in cases of rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory arthritis, other degenerative processes or a knee infection that could be contributing to your pain and mobility problems.
A KRS has a life-span of 15-20 years. A second KRS is not as effective as the first. Thus, it should be opted for at a time which negates the need for a second surgery later.
A KRS is a good option for those who have already explored the other lesser invasive options, afforded by conventional and non-conventional medicines, and are looking for Surgery packages online.
Physical therapy: It can be an effective treatment option. Muscle strengthening, acupressure, yoga, physiotherapy, sports medicine consultations and regular stretching often help improve the movement of the kneecap, decreasing pain and increasing the ability to function.
Dietary changes: Some people face problems of uric acid creation in the joints. Avoiding foods rich in uric acid and eating more foods that encourage uric acid being flushed out without depositing in the joints may help in these cases.
Weight Loss: People with a body mass index above 30 should consider weight loss before considering a replacement. This is because each extra pound of overall body weight puts an additional three pounds of stress on the knee joint. If reducing weight to a healthy level does not result in a decrease in pain, KRS can be explored as an option.
Non-surgical interventions: If options like anti-inflammatory medications and Cortisone injections fail to give results then KRS can be considered.
Other non-surgical procedures like Viscosupplementation injections of hyaluronic acid to add lubrication into the joint, knee unloader braces, heel wedges and special shoes can also be tried. If these too fail to ease pain and movement, then procedures like KRS can be considered.
Here are a few other surgical procedures that are less invasive which can be considered as an alternative to KRS if cost is not much of an issue:
In the initial stages of knee degeneration, stem cell culture and injections, using stem cells from the hip joint to help regenerate cartilage tissue in the knee can be done.
Knee osteotomy can be considered in cases with a knee deformity or Where only one side of the knee shows damage, since this procedure shifts the weight-bearing load off the damaged area of the knee and relieves pain.
Location and cost should not be the primary deciding factor in choosing a KRS since the knee replacement surgery cost in Thane and the cost of knee replacement surgery in Hyderabad are similar. A knee replacement surgery is a good option for tackling knee pain. It should be opted for after other means of relieving the pain have been explored and when the cost of the surgery is justified by its benefits.