The liver is the important part of the digestive system and it outsizes the other organs. The different types of function performed by the liver are that produces bile which aids in the absorption of fat, cholesterol and vitamins. It also helps in the detoxification of blood and in the process of nutrients. The liver produces proteins that assist in the blood clotting.
Now that we know about the importance of the liver in our body we should also be aware of its process of transplantation that is equally important. The liver transplantation is the last resort procedure done during the time when the patient is at the end-stage of the liver disease. The liver disease is termed as Cirrhosis. This transplantation replaces the liver by another new liver donated by a donor.
This process is determined by various things like the seriousness of the liver condition, the past medical condition of the patient, physical condition on the whole and other medical matters. If a patient who is in need of a liver transplant has the condition of heart ailments, cancer or other similar conditions the transplant of the liver is not possibly performed.
Causes of liver disease
Some problems that may affect the liver which might make the transplantation necessary are the hepatitis infections. The infection hepatitis A instigates liver failure that is acute. It can prove really fatal to the liver. Hepatitis B and C triggers chronic liver disease. The alcoholic and no-alcoholic liver failures are other kind of liver failure known as the fatty liver disease that leads to cirrhosis. These causes of liver cancer can be so damaging to the liver and that’s when the liver needs to be replaced.
The transplantation of the liver is a new procedure in India. This procedure was performed first in 1967. The healthy liver to replace the old cirrhotic liver is received from a donor who might be deceased, brain dead donor or a living donor who is ready to give up the sixty per cent of their liver. It is a complicated surgery which requires time for the patient to get a suitable donor. It is a planned procedure; sometimes the patient’s family member is ready to donate sixty per cent of their liver. The liver is the unique organ in the body that has the capability of regeneration. That means the part of the liver which is transplanted will grow back to its normal size as the donor’s liver.
Choose the best liver transplant hospital in India which conducts excellent liver transplantation surgeries. The transplant team should have a surgeon, herpetologist, psychologist and also other experts. There will be several tests conducted during the evaluation of the patient before the liver transplant.
Aftercare after any surgery is important. In some cases, the patient will have to be hospitalised for more than 24 hours till the situation normalises. However, the duration of care will depend on the type of surgery, criticality and other factors. A person can lead a normal life after the surgery except but they must not exert themselves in heavy physical or sports activities.